D’Scerner: Critical Thinking of Opioid Study
Part of: Critical Thinking
TRANSFORMED JOURNAL ARTICLE:
LESSON 1 – THINKING ABOUT THE STUDY
Activity 1: Teacher Background Information
LESSON 2 – THE RESULTS
Activity 2A: Teacher Background - The Results: Person Time/Person Months
LESSON 3 – ANALYZING THE RESULTS
Activity 3A: Teacher Background - Analyzing the Results
LESSON 4 – COMPARING AND CONTRASTING
Activity 4A: Teacher Background - Comparing & Contrasting
Although the article deals with a very serious topic, the focus of each lesson is on critical thinking and evaluating the data gathered by the researchers.
critical thinking, analyzing, compare/contrast, study design, person time, person months, absolute risk, relative risk, transformation, dependent variable, independent variable, constant
Using instructional materials in the activity, students will be able to:
Lesson 1: Thinking About the Study
Lesson 2: The Results
Lesson 3: Analyzing the Results
Lesson 4: Comparing and Contrasting
How often do we hear “Research Says”…? To develop science literacy skills, students need to be skeptical and ask “Does it really….”. Using a peer-reviewed journal article that has been transformed for age level, students will analyze a peer-reviewed report of a scientific study. They will compare the results reported in the journal article to a media article connected to the scientific study. Student analysis is directed in a systematic way through the use of four student lessons. The lessons created for each critical thinking activity are similar in structure to help students develop their critical thinking skills as they work through each lesson. This lesson is based on a study that examines the relationship between prescribing patterns and overdose-deaths associated with opioids. The study was funded by Department of Veterans Affairs.
The lesson is divided up into separate modules; they can be completed sequentially or each can be done at different times of the year to align with the scope and sequence.
Allow students to work in pairs and provide lessons with some information prefilled for students in need of such assistance.
Students can research additional forms of opioids and the positive or negative impact these drugs have on society.
Bohnert, A. S., Valenstein, M., Bair, M. J., Ganoczy, D., McCarthy, J. F., Ilegen, M. A., Blow, F. C. (2011). Association between opioid prescribing patterns and opioid overdose-related deaths. Journal of the American Medical Association, 305(13), 1315-1321. doi: 1315-1321. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.370.
Pilkington, E.(2011, June 9). Pharmageddon: How America got hooked on killer prescription drugs. The Guardian. Retrieved June 27, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011 /jun/09/us-drugs-oxycodone-painkillers-florida.
Critical Appraisal to Improve Neuroscience Education (CAINE) 2009-2013:
Grant # R25DA025578